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E 6lSTEfi A*D 0, g0( , 



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His Excellency, Gov. Alexander H. Rice, 

His Honor, Lieut. Gov. Horatio G. Knight, 

Rev. William Rice, A. M., Springfield. 

Hon. C. C. Esty, A. M., Framingham. 

Hon. Edward B. Gillett, A. M., Westfield. 
Rev. C. C. Hussey, Billerica. 
Rev. Charles B. Rice, A. M., Danvers, 
Hon. Henry Chapin, LL. D., Worcester. 
Rev. A. A. Miner, D. D., Boston. 
Gardiner G. Hubbard, A, M., Cambridge. 


Hon. John W. Dickinson, A.M., Secretary. 

Hon. Oliver Warner, Assist. Sec'y and Treas, 

Walter Smith, State Director of Art 
Education, Boston. 

George A. Walton, A. M., Agent, Westfield. 
E. A. Hubbard, A. M„ " Springfield. 

-0 — 

Gardiner G. Hubbard, A, M., Cambridge. 
Hon John W. Dickinson, A. M.,NewtonvilIe 


j Rev. Charles B. Rice, A.M., Danvers. 


Daniel B. Hagar, Ph. D., Principal. 

Ellen M. Dodge. 

Mary E. Webb, 

Caroline J. Cole. 

Mary N. Plumer. 

Sophia O. Driver. 

Harriet L. Martin. 

E. Adelaide Towle. 

Harriet D. Allen. 

Elizabeth N. Jones. 

Mary E. Godden. 

Isaac J. Osbun, A. M. 

Leslie W. Miller, Teacher of Drawing. 

— *" 




fecial ^tiulewte- 

Harriet D. Bowen, Salem. 

Lucy B. Willson, Salem. 

Harriet E. Carlton, Salem. 


.^Uvanecil &laj9#. 

Lizzie F Abbott, Salem 

Mary Judkins, Franklin, N. H. 

Lizzie M Bakomb, Salem. 

Mary E. Leavitt, Salem. 

Lucy R. Beadle, Marblehead. 

Emma L. Mitchell, Methuen. 

Alice L. Blaney, Swampscott. 

Alice Clinton Munsey, Lynn. 

Annie L. Collins, Maiden. 

Sarah A. Newhall, Lynn. 

Lucy W. Files, No. Raymond, Me. 

Lizzie M. Noyes, Georgetown. 

Fannie I. Horton, East Somerville. 

Kate P. Richardson, Middleton. 

Rose A. Jordan, Lowell. 

Caroline T. Wade, Essex. 16 

®tm % 

Clara E. Ballou, North Orange. 

Esta Files, North Raymond, Me. 

Belle F. Batchelder, Lowell. 

Nellie B. Furber, Dover, N. H. 

Caroline F. Buck, Wilmington. 

Mary E. Glidden, Gloucester. 

Sarah L. Cabeen, Salem. 

Caroline Goldthwait, Salem. 

Grace Caswell, Gloucester. 

Almira P. Goss, Salem. 

Mary S. Cate, Dover, N. H. 

A. Mabel Harwood, Lynn. 

Nellie E. Chubbuck, South Boston. 

Annie Hill, Stoneham. 

Annie J. Coan, Salem. 

Eliza G. Hill, Salem. 

Clara J. Coney, Wakefield. 

Mabel F. Hussey, Lynn. 

Florence E. Coney, Wakefield. 

Mary M. Hutchinson, Appleton, Wis. 

E. Lauretta Crabtree, Lynn. 

Sophia H. Jenkins, Lynn. 

Nellie M. Cutting, Winchester. 

Alice M. Jenks, Salem. 

Adelaide J. Davis, Lynn. 

Jennie I. Kershaw, North Andover. 

Sylvia H. Drown, Lynn. 

Louisa Lambirth, East Boston. 

Lauretta P. Emerson, Salem. 

Margaret C. Lawrie, Lynn. 

Belle B. Emerton, Newbmyport. 

Myrtie A. Low, East Boston. 


Lizzie T. Lyon, Salem. 

Mabel D. Marston, Lynn. 

Lillian Nealley, East Somerville. 

Lucy S. Peirce, Billerica. 

Ada B. Pike, Salem. 

Hannah S. Pike, East Salisbury. 

Abbie G. Pope, Sandwich. 

Jessie F. Raymond, North Beverly. 

Elmira J. Rhodes, East Saugus. 

Ida F. Sawyer, Merrimacport. 

Annie A. Shaw, Peabody. 

Delia Stickney, Danversport. 
Sarah E. Symmes, Beverly. 
Mary U. Tapley, Danvers. 
Carrie E. Tarbox, Lynn. 
Flora E. Taylor, Hampton, N. H. 
Mary L. Turner, Lynn. 
Mary C. Whalen, Gloucester. 
Anna L. Wilcox, Thetford, Vt. 
Minnie F. Woodbury, Salem. 
Jane S. Worcester, Thetford, Vt. 


mm §. 

Catharine F. Atwood, East Boston. 
Isabella R. Brown, Andover. 
Grace R. Browne, Salem. 
Lizzie B. Bryant, Melrose. 
Helen B. Clarke, Portland, Me. 
Minnie B. Cogswell, Esse&. 
Addie Dodge, Hamilton. 
Alice M. Donohoe, Lynn. 
Anna E. Edwards, Merrimac. 
Emma G. French, Lowell. 
Cora V. George, Boston. 
Lizzie K. Hodgkins, Gloucester. 
Helen W. Houghton, Lynn. 
Elizabeth A. Howland, Greenfield. 
Ellen M. Jacobs, Littleton. 
Lizzie L. Jelly, Salem. 
Nina E. Leavitt, Lynn. 
Elizabeth Leighton, Salem. 
Alice P. Lord, Danversport. 
Lizzie F. Manning, Salem. 
Annie F. Mansfield, Lynn. 
Nellie E. Maudant, Lynn. 

Delia L. Naylor, Lowell. 
Effie M. Parkhurst, Gloucester. 
Isabel M. Parks, Davenport, Io. 
Isabelle T. Parrish, Lynn. 
Theresa M. Pepper, Salem. 
Alice M. Porter, North Somerville. 
Bessie A. N. Remer, Salem. 
Nellie H. Rogers, Wenham. 
Helen J. Sanborn, North Somerville. 
Harriet E. Sargent, Merrimac. 
Mary L. Smith. Peabody. 
Rose M. Smith, Newburyport. 
Helena F. Stewart, Gloucester. 
Abbie Story, Lynn. 
Edith M. Story, Essex. 
Abbie D. Symonds, Peabody. 
Emily L. Whitmore, Newburyport. 
Alva B. Whitney, Salem. 
Annie E. Whittier, Lynn. 
Eliza J. Wilson, East Cambridge. 
Janet H. Wilson, Salem. 


Ota** <B. 

Susie I. Arthur, Ipswich. 

Cora B. Barrelle, Lynn. 

Anna Batchelder, North Reading. 

Clara A. Bowley, Lynn. 
Annie E. Bullock, Manchester. 
Emma L. Bullock, Manchester. 

Mary (r. Butler, Lynn. 

Jennie E. Call, Lowell. 

Julia F. Callahan, West Lynn. 

Henrietta M. Carter, Orange. 

Sarah P. ('lemons, Salem. 

Ada M. Colby, Haverhill. 

Mary L. Crosby, Woburn. [no. 

Flora M. Cruiekshank, Ottawa, Orita- 

Anuie B. Davis, Berwick, Me. 

Annie S. Davis, North Andover. 

Matilda B. Doland, Maiden. 

Henrietta Forbes, Lynn. 

Clara S. French, Dan vers. 

Katherine M. Gray, Salem. 

Mary C. Gray, Lynn. 

Evelyn A. Hall, Kennebunk, Me. 

Mabel W. Haskell, Salem. 

Hattie M. Hinds, Maple wood. 

Sarah M. Hobson, East Brig jton, Yt. 

Annie L. Hunt, Lynn. 

Florence J. Hutchinson, Lynn. 

Mary J Keating, Salem. [ville. 

Margaret F. Kirkpatrick, East Somer-^ 

Elizabeth P. Knight, Salem. 

Alice M. Leach, Newburyport. 

Ida M. Leslie, East Boston. 

Harriet Lund, Maplewood. 

Martha N. Marsh, Swampscott. 

Ida E. Martin, East Salisbury. 

Harriet L. Maynard, Lynn. 

Margaret T. McCarthy, Salem. 

Alice A. McCarty, Maiden. 

Nellie S. Moulton, Salem. 

Martha P. Ober, Salem. 

Almira G. Peirce, Peabody. 

Bertha F. Perkins, Danvers. 

Julia A. Putney, Stoneham. 

Mary A. Heard on, Essex. 

Althea Robinson, Salem. 

Cora B. Robinson, East Somer ville. 

Christina M. Scott, Great Falls, N. H 

Caroline A. Smith, Manchester. 

Etta L. Smith, Ipswich. 

Annie M. Spear, Salem. 

Julia E. Spurr, East Saugus. 

Emma O. Stickney, Salem. 

Mary G. Thayer, Saugus Centre. 

AddieL. Thing, Lynn. 

Elvira L. Towne^ Topsfield. 

Susan A. Twombly, Dover, N. H. 

Alice F. Upton } Chelsea. 

Bertha F. Vella, Lynn. 

Clara J. Webster, Haverhill. 

Abbie M. Wetmore^ Essex. 

Emma L. White, Wilton, N. H. 

Carrie L. Wiggin, Middleton. 

Ida F. Williams^ Gloucester. 


®\w !!♦ 

Nellie T. Allen, Peabody. 
Maria M. Barrett, Rockport, Me. 
Addie F. Bennett, Lowell. 
Mary A. Beny, North Andover, 
Elizabeth W. Bond, Lynn. 
Annie E. Boynton, Swampscott. 
Susie C. Brackett, Lynn. 
Mary E. Breed, Lynn. 
Nellie F. Carlton, Merrimacport. 
Eliza M. Cass, Salem. 
Florence B. Chandler, Peabody. 
Grace E. Childs, Salem. 

Jennie G. Clark, Troy, N. H. 
Lucille W. Cochran, Swampscott. 
Annie L. Courtney ^ Lowell. 
Jennie S. Davis, Annisquam. 
Mary A. Davis, Lowell. 
May E. Delnow, Lynn. 
Mary A. Dougherty, Lynn. 
Addie E. Dwyer^ Lynn. 
Florence W. Eaton, North Reading 
Sadie R. Edson, Lynn. 
Mary J. Eiffe, Salem. 
Martha A. Ellery, Gloucester. 

Jennie Emerson, Lowell. 

Alice K. Farnum, North Andover. 

Sarah A. Fell, East Cambridge. 

Sarah A. Fowler, Lynn. 

Jennie D. Fuller, Salem. 

Fannie W. Gawith, New Bedford. 

Mary A. Gibney, Salem. 

Annie L. Gilman, Lynn. 

Harriet J. Go wing, Lynn. 

Kate G. Higgins, Maiden. 

Nellie F. Keefe, Lowell. 

Alice E. Keese, Lowell. 

Hattie E. Lane, Melrose. 

Julia C. Lane^ Salem. 

Jane M. Lawrie, Lynn. 

Laura P. Leach, Epping, N. H. 

Lizzie J. Looney, Marblehead. 

Jennie Lummus, Danversport. 

Norah F. McCarthy, Salem. 

Florence Merchant, Gloucester. 

Amelia Millay, Lynn. 

Mary E. Murkland, Wakefield. 

Katherine C. Murphy, Salem. 

Carrie A. Nutter, North Beverly. 

Clara B. Parkhurst, Gloucester. 

Henrietta S. Pike, Salem. 

Emma F. Porter, East Somerville. 

Ella L. Prime, Salem. 

Alice E. Riley, Lynn. 

Sarah J. Sayward, Shapleigh, Me. 

Ursula W. Skinner, Wakefield. 

M. Alice Smith, Lynn. 

Hannah L. Very, Salem. 

Mary I. Vinton, Melrose. 

Lillian B. Wyman, Boston. 

Avilla F. Young, Rockport, Me. 60 


Special Students^ 

Advanced Class, . ■<. 

Class A, (Senior), 

Class B, 

Class C, ; . 

Class D, . 

Whole number for the term^ 

Whole number for the year, 







' 1 



This Institution -was established by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
with the liberal co-operation of the City of Salem and the Eastern Kailroad Com- 
pany, for the direct preparation of Female Teachers to instruct in the Common 
and High Schools required by law. It it under the charge of the State Board of 
Education, and of a Special Board of Visitors. During the period that has 
elapsed since the reception of the first Class, in September, 1854, two thousand 
two hundred eighteen Ladies have been members of the School; one thou- 
sand eight of whom have received diplomas, upon the honorable completion 
of the prescribed course of study. 

.Se&ool 3T e a r a n & (germs. 

The School Year is divided into two terms, each containing nineteen weeks of 
study, with a week's recess near the middle of each term. 

The next Term will commence on Tuesday, August 27, 1878, and will close on 
Tuesday, January 14, 1879. 

The following term will commence on Tuesday, February 4> 1879, and will 
close on Tuesday, June 24, 1819. 

The present term will close on Tuesday,. June 25, 1878, with public exercises 
of Examination and Graduation, commencing at 9£ o'cloefe, A. M. 


Candidates for admission must be at least sixteen years of age * must present on 
(he day of examination a satisfactory certificate of good moral character' and of 
their presumed qualifications for admission to the school ; must declare their full 
intention of faithfully observing the regulations of fehe School, during their con- 
nection with it, and of afterwards teaching in the public schools of Massachu- 
setts ;* and must pass a satisfactory examination in Reading, Spelling, Defining, 
Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, and the History of the 
United States. A greater age and higher attainments than those prescribed, with 
some experience in teaching, render the course of study m the Institution still 
more useful. 

* Ladies* designing to teach in other States or in private schools may be admitted by 
paying $15 a term for tuition. 


Especial attention should be given to these requirements, as they will be strictly 


The next Examination for admission will take place on Tuesday, Aug. 27, 1878, 
commencing at 8 o'clock, A. M., or as soon after that hour as candidates can 
reach Salem. 

Ladies who propose to apply for admission at that time, are requested to notify 
the Principal of their intention as early as possible. 

f&onxst of S>ttti»g. 

The Board of Education,, by a vote passed January 9, 1866, prescribed the fol- 
lowing Course of Study for the State Normal Schools : 

" The time of the course extends through a period of two years; and is divided 
into terms of twenty weeks each, with daily sessions of not less than five hours, 
five days each week. 


First Term- 

1. Arithmetic, oral and written, begun. 

2. Geometry, begun. 

3. Chemistry. 

4. Grammar and Analysis of the English Language. 

Second Term. 

1. Arithmetic completed; Algebra begun. 

2. Geometry completed : Geography and History begun. 

3. Physiology and Hygiene. 

4. Grammar and Analysis completed. 

5. Lessons once or twice a week in Botany and Zoology. 

Third Term. 

1. Algebra completed ; Book-keeping. 

2. Geography and History completed. 

3. Natural Philosophy. 

4. Ehetoric and English Literature. 

5. Lessons once or twice a week in Mineralogy and Geology. 

Fourth Term. 

1. Astronomy. 

2. Mental and Moral Science, — including the principles and art of Reasoning. 

3. Theory and Art of Teaching,— including : 
(1.) Principles and Methods of Instruction. 
(2.) School Organization and Government. 
(3.) School Laws of Massachusetts. 

4. The Civil Polity of Massachusetts and the United States. 

In connection with the foregoing, constant and careful attention to be given 
throughout the course to drawing and delineations on the blackboard ; music ; 
spelling, with derivations and definitions ; reading, including analysis of sounds 
and vocal gymnastics ; and writing . 


The Latin and French languages may lie pursued as optional studies, but not 
to the neglect of the English course. 

General exercises in composition, gymnastics, object lessons, &c, to be con- 
ducted in such a manner and at such times as the Principals shall deem best. 

Lectures on the different branches pursued, and on related topics, to be given 
by gentlemen from abroad, as the Board or the Visitors shall direct, and also by 
the teachers and more advanced scholars. 

The order of the studies in the course may be varied in special cases, with the 
approval of the Visitors." 

^bbancrb Connie. 

Graduates of the regular course who desire to prepare themselves for the high- 
er departments of teaching, are permitted to take an advanced course, which occu- 
pies two years, and includes instruction and training in the Latin, French, and 
German languages, the higher mathematics, and the other branches required to 
be taught in the high schools of Massachusetts. Graduates of the School who 
may desire to take the Advanced Course are requested to communicate with the 
Principal as early as possible, A new Advanced Class ivill be formed at the 
opening of the term beginning August 27, 1878- 

§Um3 anb mteijjobs of J&tobg ai)b draining, 

chiefly aimed at in this school are, the acquisition of the necessary 
knowledge of the Principles and Methods of Education, and of the various 
branches of study, the attainment of skill in the art of teaching, and the general 
development of the mental powers. 

From the beginning to the end of the course, all studies are conducted with es- 
pecial reference to the best ways of teaching them. Kecitations, however excel- 
lent, are not deemed satisfactory, unless every pupil is able to teach others that 
which she has herself learned. In every study the pupils in turn occupy tempo- 
rarily the place of teacher of their classmates, and are subjected to their criticisms 
as well as those of their regular teacher. Teaching exercises of various kinds 
form a large and important part of the school work. During the Senior term, ob- 
ject lessons are given to classes of primary school children, so that every pupil 
obtains, before graduating, considerable experience in teaching children to 
observe, think, and give expression to thought. 

The studies are conducted upon the topical plan. Text-books are used, to a 
large extent, as books of reference. The committing of text-books to memory is 
avoided as far as possible, the scholars being trained to depend upon thoughts 
rather than words. 


The great object of the school is to make the pupils investigate, think, and 
speak for themselves ; to make them independent, self-reliant, and ready to meet 
whatever difficulties may arise. 


The discipline of the school is made as simple as possible. Pupils are expected 
to govern themselves ; to do without compulsion what is required, and to refrain 
voluntarily from all improprieties of conduct. Those who are unwilling to con- 
form cheerfully to the known wishes of the Principal and his assistants, are pre- 
sumed to be unfit to become teachers. 

It is not deemed necessary to awaken a feeling of emulation, in order to induce 
the scholars to perform their duties faithfully. The ranking of scholars according 
to their comparative success in their studies, is not here allowed. Faithful atten- 
tion to duty is encouraged for its own sake, not for the purpose of obtaining 
certain marks of credit 

promotions anb (Urabuations. 

Promotions from one class to another are made at the close of each term by 
means of thorough written examinations. These examinations include every 
study pursued during the term, and the result in each study must be satisfactory 
to entitle the pupil to advance to the study next in order. In the Senior term, a 
special examination is had in all the branches taught in the common schools, and 
only those who pass it successfully are permitted to graduate. Young ladies who 
possess good, natural abilities and right habits of study, find no serious difficulties 
in passing the required examinations. 

i'ibrarn, apparatus, anb pnsenm. 

The Institution has a valuable Library, containing, in works for general refer- 
ence and reading, and in text-books, about nine thousand volumes. It has, also, 
a fair supply of philosophical apparatus, and a Museum containing a large collec- 
tion of specimens illustrating various departments of science- 

An important addition to the means of practical instruction in Chemistry has 
been made, whereby a large number of pupils can, at the same time, engage in 
chemical investigations, free from all danger of inhaling injurious gases. 

The friends of the higher education of women can confer a great benefit upon 
the Institution by making donations to its Library and Museum. Any aid in 
this direction will be gratefully acknowledged. 

A room has been handsomely fitted up and furnished for the purpose of afford- 
ing facilities for instruction and training in the higher departments of drawing. 
A large number of beautiful casts, models, and patterns have been obtained from 


London, and have been conveniently arranged in the room, thus giving to the 
members of the School advantages not formerly enjoyed. 

(BtUUSt institute Bttb pcabobn ;^mbcm» cf Sricnte. 
The important advantages offered by these well known and most useful Insti- 
t ut ions are freely enjoyed by members of the Normal School. The large and, in 
some respects, unequalled Musesni and Cabinet belonging to the Institute and 
Academy, affords rare opportunities for studies in various departments of Science; 
and the instructive meetings of the Essex Institute for the discussion of Histor- 
ical and Scientific subjects, possess great value for all who are interested in the 
study of History and of Nature. 

Tuition is free to those who comply with the condition of teaching in the public 
Schools of Massachusetts, wherever they may have previously resided. A small 
fee ($2.00) is paid by each pupil at the beginning of the term, for incidental 

The text-books required are mostly furnished, without charge, from the School 
Library. It is recommended, however, that pupils should bring wtib them, 
for purposes of reference and comparison, the text-books which they have already 
studied ; and they should, especially, be provided with a Dictionary and a recent 

The price which is paid by the pupils for board, (not usually including wash- 
ing, or separate fire and lights,) varies from $3 50 to $4 50 per week, according 
to the accommodations furnished. Pupils who prefer to board themselves can 
obtain good rooms for about one dollar a week. 

Pupils who come to the School daily by railroad, obtain season tickets at one 
half of the usual rates, except on the Boston & Maine road and its branches. 

For the assistance of those who find even the moderate expense of the School 
burdensome, the Commonwealth makes an annual appropriation of a thousand 
dollars. One half of this amount is distributed at the close of each term, among 
pupils from Massachusetts who merit and need the aid, in sums varying according 
to the distance of their residences from Salem, but not exceeding in any case 
$1 50 per week. In this distribution, the first term of a pupil's connection with 
the School is not reckoned, unless she enters prepared to complete the prescribed 
course of study in less than two years. 

Aid is also rendered, in cases of special merit and need, from the income of the 
fund of Five Thousand Dollars, for which the School is indebted to the munificent 
bequest of Nathaniel I. Bowditch, Esq., of Brookline. 

S^lem, June, 1878.